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Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end
Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.
Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.
The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.
Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments
Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.
One of the requirements of entering a science fair is to complete a science fair project report. To be graded or scored well, the student needs to use the correct format, voice, tone and style, and they will need to include the right elements. Fortunately, all of these things are easy to accomplish once you know what is expected of you.
The first question that many students have that relate to writing a science fair project report is if it is okay to write in the first person. Students cannot write in the first person when writing a science fair project report. The entire report needs to be written in third person. This can be tricky as students are discussing what they did and what they discovered.
In addition to writing the report in third person, students will also want to avoid creative tones in their writing. While students are encouraged to use similes, metaphors and other creative expressions in English class, these are generally not appropriate in science writing. Students want to keep things as simple and straight forward as possible. The key is to explain the situation with as few words as possible.
Clarity is one of the characteristics that judges will be looking for when scoring your science fair project. They are going to evaluate how easy your report was to understand, how logical it progressed from data to conclusions and how organized the overall report was. The design of your display board and you presentation will also be judged for clarity.
Formatting Your Report
Formatting is very important when you start science writing. To start with you will want to select a 12 point font that is easy to read, like Times New Roman or Courier. Next you will want to double space your report and create a one inch all around margin. Finally, you will want to add a header that includes your project title and a page number.
The format of your science fair project report will also need to follow a common layout. Most reports will have the following sections in this order: (1) title page, (2) abstract, (3) introduction, (4) background research, (5) methodology (experiment), (6) data and data analysis, (7) discussion and conclusions and (8) bibliography. Each of these sections will be broken down into sub-sections. For example, the methodology section will include subheadings of supplies and experiment design while the introduction will contain information about the hypothesis, the reason for selecting the topic that was selected and definitions of terms used in the report.
Have you actually appeared with the soaring expenses of electricity and wondered if there was something you could do about it? Magnets four Strength puts the foreseeable future of strength era directly as part of your palms. This comprehensive kit will instruct you how to assemble your own magnet powered generator which is highly effective plenty of to run your entire household, still isn’t going to value a dime to operate. It is possible to free yourself from the strong vitality organizations and use your income about the factors you want and have to have instead.
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Visalus Sciences is a relatively new company in the home business arena that is based out of Troy, Michigan with 2 expanded marketing offices located on the west coast. Visalus markets several patented health and nutritional products based on clinical and scientific studies over seen by Dr. Michael Seidman, Director of Product Research and Development. The products are designed to provide optimal health for the body. Visalus offers a home business opportunity by selling or marketing their products through MLM or multilevel-marketing.
The product line includes Visalus Science Vi-Pak, Neuro, Vimmunity, and Visalus Sciences award winning weight loss supplement, Slim Trim Shape Program. Visalus Sciences is committed to helping people live healthier, more rewarding lives. There have been some testimonials from people using the Visalus Sciences products. Some examples given by people consuming the Visalus Sciences products include statements of increased energy, improved mental clarity, dramatic weight loss including inches and some reports of lower blood pressure and cholesterol. They also have many scientific studies representing such institutions as the University of California Berkeley, New York University, National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Anti Ageing (NIA), Stanford, MIT, and the Beijing Medical University.
The Visalus Sciences MLM business opportunity contains a uni-level compressed compensation plan with one of the highest commissionable payouts in the MLM industry. The plus with the comp plan is that you can get paid immediately upon building your first leg while earning commissions throughout your entire organization. For example, if you entered the business as an ESS (Executive Success System) you make a fast start bonus of $80 – $155 for each ESS you introduce to your business that’s paid out weekly. You would also receive a monthly check based on the commissionable sales volume in your organization. The uni-level compressed compensation plan is simple and easy to understand comparatively to other MLM compensation plans simply because one only has to sponsor a few key individuals to be successful and have the opportunity to earn a substantial income.
In conclusion, Visalus Sciences seems to have some very solid products in their Visalus health and nutritional product line, and the comp plan is very simply laid out and easy for one to understand. If you enjoy a healthy and prosperous lifestyle and are looking for a viable work from home opportunity, then the Visalus Sciences business could be the right fit for you.
According to a New York Times article, nursing is one of the top five professions for those who want to change careers.
And why not? For one thing, nursing is a career with high demand. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing reports that there is currently a significant shortage of nursing staff and this situation is expected to continue for the next two decades. This, despite the unstable economy which has caused massive layoffs in other industries.
Registered nurses are also paid well, and they have a variety of specific areas to choose from — whether in a hospital, clinic, nursing school, and others. This sounds better than many boring desk jobs. The good news, if you already have a bachelor’s degree in an unrelated field, is that there are now many programs which offer an accelerated second bachelor’s degree option.
These programs can be completed in as little as one year, with a semester in the summer, spring, fall, and following summer. Some programs are 18 months long. Yes, that is a very intense program, and you will have to put everything else aside for that year. No work, and a very understanding family, are a requirement for success in a program like that.
You know however that by the end of those long 12 or 18 months, your efforts will be rewarded because by then you will have earned your Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree. This career will provide opportunities for you to work in hospitals, clinics, doctors’ offices, schools and even research facilities.
Nowadays it isn’t uncommon for an individual to obtain a second bachelor’s degree through accelerated programs. Statistics reported in a May 2007 article on the American Association of Colleges of Nursing website show that these types of courses can already be taken in 43 states, in the District of Columbia and Guam, and what’s more, 37 more similar programs (at that time) are being readied The article also stated that from 2,422 in 2004, in 2006 there were already 8,493 students enrolled in these programs across the country. The more than 300% jump in the enrollment is a clear indication of the demand for registered nurses nationwide.
The web article also goes on to differentiate the second bachelor’s degree students from those first time students. The career changers were found to be more focused and motivated on their goals. If you have these traits and are considering nursing as a second career, contact your State Board of Nursing to find the accredited programs in your area.
These days there is there is a lot buzz about the world going green and preserving the environment. Well, I think that all of you might be reading something or the other about “environment and ecology” in newspaper, magazines or over the internet. So, let me throw light on this topic.
Environmental Science is the scientific study of the ways in which biological, physical and chemical components of the environment interact and the relations between them. Environmental science and ecology are overlapped but different science disciplines.
Environmental science and ecology are overlapped but different science disciplines. Ecology is the study of the interactions of living organisms with their environments, including relationship with other organisms. Environmental science is multidisciplinary in nature and provides a broad area of study of environmental systems integrating both biological and physical concepts with an interdisciplinary approach.
Components of Environmental Science:
Atmospheric Sciences examine the phenomenology of the Earth’s gaseous outer layer with emphasis upon interrelation to other systems. Atmospheric sciences comprise meteorological studies, greenhouse gas phenomena, and atmospheric dispersion modeling of airborne contaminants, noise pollution, and even light pollution.
Ecology studies typically analyze the dynamics of biological populations and some aspect of their environment.
Due to the interdisciplinary nature of environmental science, teams of professionals commonly work together to conduct environmental research or to produce Environmental Impact Statements. Environmental science encompasses issues such as climate change, conservation, biodiversity, water quality, groundwater contamination, soil contamination, and use of natural resources, waste management, sustainable development, disaster reduction, air pollution, and noise pollution.
Geosciences include environmental geology, environmental soil science, volcanic phenomena and evolution of the Earth’s crust. In some classification systems it can also embrace hydrology including oceanography.
Well, above is a brief overview about Environmental Science and its’ machinery. Having a sound knowledge about our environment will certainly help us to protect Nature, which is the “Gift of God” to mankind.
Everyone has heard of the classic volcano science project using vinegar, baking soda, and a little bit of red food coloring. This little experiment, however, is a little more extreme, and a little more realistic (do not worry, it is not actually dangerous!). This guide will teach you how to create a volcano project that really erupts with some force.
Unfortunately, the fake lava is not going to be quite so realistically red, but sometimes compromise means sacrifices! Here we go:
Gather your building supplies. For this project, you are going to need to start with a volcano. A prepackaged paper mache kit is recommended. Next, you need a two-liter bottle of diet cola. Use your paper mache kit to build a mountainous, volcanic structure around the bottle, leaving a hole at the top large enough to facilitate opening the soda bottle. Give your paper mache plenty of time to dry before you attempt the next step, or else you will end up with a sticky mess on your hands.
Paint your volcano. This is where you can get pretty creative, even though most volcanic mountains look pretty much the same. You can go for the standard black and brown color of rocks and dirt, or you can get a little artsy. Why not make a tie-dye themed volcano? It is just a science experiment, and science should be fun! After applying your paint, make sure that it is completely dry before you begin the next stage: Explosion!
Now it is time to add the trigger to the equation. Go to your local convenience store and buy a roll of mint Mentos. It is very important that you buy these in particular, as nothing else will work correctly.
Ready your presentation in a clear, outdoor space (trust me; you do not want this volcano erupting indoors!). Carefully take the cap off your diet cola, which, if you have followed directions, should be housed securely in your paper mache volcano. Commence with a dramatic countdown, and at its conclusion, drop a couple of the Mentos into the cola.
This is a fun experiment to do at school or at home, but if you are planning to attempt it, there are a few safety precautions to take. The reaction of the cola to the mints is very strong, and you definitely do not want to put your face near the opening of the soda bottle for the initial eruption. It is recommended that you wear goggles or some type of protective eyewear if you are going to be the one tossing the mints in the soda. Other than that, enjoy the spectacle!
The rush of improved tutors evidently shows that stress for proper guidance on the subject is sky high but there are few excellence tuition centers available for the scholars. Under the circumstances online computers discipline can be helpful for students in given that them with the a great deal desirable help to Computer science Assignment Help on time.
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You resolve not very find someone without basic information on computers in current context. Even in small towns and villages, makes utilize of these modern tools are on the rise. However, that does not denote that everybody is a specialized in the subject. Computer science is a enormous study with numerous streams under it. Students on the subject may occasionally find it firm to inclusive all assignments on programmed time. There comes the requirement of tuition centers.
Every day we are seeing more and more electronic gadgets that are advertised as being Bluetooth enabled. This may leave you feeling excited or it may leave you trying to figure out what all of the fuss is about. You may just want to know what is Bluetooth? You may just want a simple description of Bluetooth technology.Bluetooth mobile wireless technology is fast becoming a leader when it comes to technologies that involve wireless communication. It is becoming all the rage all over the world because in the short time it has been around Bluetooth technology has paved the way for computers, telephones and other electronic gadgets to be able to communicate with other Bluetooth devices that are within range. The current range for Bluetooth wireless technology networking is about thirty feet.The Bluetooth wireless system provides a cheap and secure way to communicate with other Bluetooth devices. This is done without the need for any wires.You may be wondering what is Bluetooth good for. Bluetooth technology is now used in almost all of the newer cell phones and handheld PDAs. Some laptops and printers use this as well. This is just a small sampling of the type of devices you can purchase that uses this technology. Every day more and more products are being brought to market.Wireless phones are probably the most widely Bluetooth enabled device, but new things are coming out every day. You can now find Bluetooth wireless speakers and headphones. The future should see many new Bluetooth gadgets come into the marketplace. It is possible that some day wireless will really mean just that. The only wire you will see is the one that plugs into the wall socket. People will look forward to the day when that tangled mess of wires is a thing of the past.Some of the big advantages of Bluetooth technology are how fast the transfer of data is and how inexpensive the components really are. You also are able to transmit both data and voice at the same time.Bluetooth technology has been around for a few years now. It is becoming more and more popular because it is used by many different manufactures, and the price is reasonable. You can expect to see a lot more Bluetooth enabled devices come out and hopefully the prices will become more reasonable as time goes by. It will not be long before it will be hard to find someone who will ask the question what is Bluetooth. Soon a description of Bluetooth technology will not be needed.
Computers are one field that is liked by people of all age groups and backgrounds. The penetration of computers in our lives has become much intense, after seeing the purposes the same can be used for. Many new advancements keep happening on this front to help people who use this platform enjoy features like never before. Cloud computing is one latest advancement that has taken over the industry by storm. This technology is now being employed by internet service providers largely to help users enjoy an interactive experience, while keeping pace with the most changing technologies. >
Seeing the popularity of computers and its involvement in the lives of humans, today many institutes, schools, colleges, and universities have started offering a degree in computer science. Having this degree is like having a ticket to a financially stable life. Most companies these days look for employees who are proficient in using the computer, as computers are no more just machines, but an imperative part of any organization on which relies the productivity and performance greatly. One such degree can be acquired easily after completing ones schooling. The eligibility for taking up such courses differs from institutes to institutes and before signing up it is crucial to ensure that, the enthusiast fits in that frame. Also, these degree coursers are usually of one year or more and the fees and topics covered also differ, which can be known by studying the brochure or catalogue carefully.
Playing games on the computer has emerged as a favorite activity among many and this attracts not just the kids, but people of all age groups. The popularity of such computer games thus led to the mushrooming of courses referred as computer games courses. These courses entail not just teaching how to play the games, but how to create new games for users. These games can be for many devices and not just the computers. A different approach is needed when designing a computer game for a mobile, which differs when designing for an Iphone and more. Students thus need to get apt knowledge about the same to create games that users can get involved in quickly. Creating an appealing game is not everyone’s cup of tea, but gaining required knowledge can help any person in learning these skills easily.
Before signing up with any institute, the person must make sure what is the course structure and fee structure they are offering to actually get what they are anticipating.
The author is an experienced Content writer and publisher for Business Development. Visit us on www.gcd.ie/msccomputing know more about cloud computing, degree in computer science and also about computer games courses.